Dart Programming - Interfaces

An interface defines the syntax that any entity must adhere to. Interfaces define a set of methods available on an object. Dart does not have a syntax for declaring interfaces. Class declarations are themselves interfaces in Dart.

Classes should use the implements keyword to be able to use an interface. It is mandatory for the implementing class to provide a concrete implementation of all the functions of the implemented interface. In other words, a class must redefine every function in the interface it wishes to implement.

Syntax

class identifier implements interface_name

 

Example

In the following program, we are declaring a class Printer. The ConsolePrinter class implements the implicit interface declaration for the Printer class. The main function creates an object of the ConsolePrinter class using the new keyword. This object is used to invoke the function print_data defined in the ConsolePrinter class

void main() { 
   ConsolePrinter cp= new ConsolePrinter(); 
   cp.print_data(); 
}  
class Printer { 
   void print_data() { 
      print("__________Printing Data__________"); 
   } 
}  
class ConsolePrinter implements Printer { 
   void print_data() {  
      print("__________Printing to Console__________"); 
   } 
} 

 

Implementing Multiple Interfaces

A class can implement multiple interfaces. The interfaces are separated by a comma

Syntax

class identifier implements interface-1,interface_2,

 

Example

 

void main() { 
   Calculator c = new Calculator(); 
   print("The gross total : ${c.ret_tot()}"); 
   print("Discount :${c.ret_dis()}"); 
}  
class Calculate_Total { 
   int ret_tot() {} 
}  
class Calculate_Discount { 
   int ret_dis() {} 
}
class Calculator  implements Calculate_Total,Calculate_Discount { 
   int ret_tot() { 
      return 1000; 
   } 
   int ret_dis() { 
      return 50; 
   } 
}