How to create Navigation Drawer in Flutter - Left and Right Navigation Drawer?

Published July 30, 2021


In this flutter example we will learn how to create Navigation Drawer. In this tutorial We will cover how to add Left Navigation Drawer (Drawer which opens from left side) and right Navigation Drawer.

To create this flutter navigation drawer we are using below flutter widgets

  • Scaffold Widget.
  • ListView Widget.
  • Divider Widget.
  • ListTile Widget.
  • Text Widget.
  • Icon Widget.
  • UserAccountsDrawerHeader Widget

 

 

Scaffold Widget

To create navigation drawer we should create scaffold widget in our application

With scaffold widget we can implement Drawer,Snackbar, Appbar, Bottomsheet, Bottom NavigationBar and Floating action buttons.

To add drawer scaffold widget has two properties

  • drawer (for Left to Right Navigation Drawer).  Drawer layout which expand from Left side.
  • endDrawer (for Right to Left Navigation Drawer).  Drawer layout which opens/expand from Right side

 

Scaffold(
  drawer: 
)

 

Add Drawer to Scaffold widget

Scaffold(
  drawer: Drawer(

       )

)

 

Adding List Items in Drawer

To add Drawer items we will use Listview widget

child: ListView(
  padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
  children: <Widget>[

               ]

  )

 

 

Add Drawer Header Item

To add Header items to drawer we are adding UserAccountsDrawerHeader the as listview first child item.

ListView(
  padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
  children: <Widget>[
    UserAccountsDrawerHeader(accountName: Text("RRTutors"),
        accountEmail: Text("rrtutor.me@gmail.com"),
      currentAccountPicture: Image.network("https://rrtutors.com/site_assets/images/logo.png"),
      decoration: BoxDecoration(color: Colors.orange),
    )

  ],
)

 

 

Adding Items in Drawer

Now we need to add drawer items. we are adding below widgets

  • Adding on item click listener for Drawer item using onTap function.
  • Adding Icon widget for Drawer item.
  • Adding Text Widget for Drawer title.
  • Closing Navigation Drawer programatically.
  • Adding divider Widget after each drawer item (Line Divider).

 

ListTile(
  leading: Icon(Icons.account_circle),
  title: Text('Drawer  Item 1'),
  onTap: () {
    // This line code will close drawer programatically....
    Navigator.pop(context);
  },
),
Divider(
  height: 2.0,
),
ListTile(
  leading: Icon(Icons.settings),
  title: Text('Drawer  Item 2'),
  onTap: () {
    // This line code will close drawer programatically....
    Navigator.pop(context);
  },
),
Divider(
  height: 2.0,
)

 

Now run the application you can see the drawer which will start from left side

Flutter Left side navigation drawer

 

Complete code

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Drawer Example',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.pink,
      ),
      home: SafeArea(
        child: Scaffold(
          appBar: AppBar(title:Text("Flutter Drawer Example")),
          drawer: Drawer(
              elevation: 20.0,
              child: ListView(
                padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
                children: <Widget>[
                  UserAccountsDrawerHeader(accountName: Text("RRTutors"),
                      accountEmail: Text("rrtutor.me@gmail.com",),
                    currentAccountPicture: Image.network("https://image.shutterstock.com/image-photo/3d-wallpaper-design-waterfall-sea-600w-1380925703.jpg"),
                    decoration: BoxDecoration(color: Colors.grey,
                        border: Border(bottom: BorderSide(width: 1,color: Colors.red),
                        top: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        right: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        left: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        )),
                  ),
                  ListTile(
                    leading: Icon(Icons.account_circle),
                    title: Text('Drawer  Item 1'),
                    onTap: () {
                      // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                      Navigator.pop(context);
                    },
                  ),
                  Divider(
                    height: 2.0,
                  ),
                  ListTile(
                    leading: Icon(Icons.settings),
                    title: Text('Drawer  Item 2'),
                    onTap: () {
                      // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                      Navigator.pop(context);
                    },
                  ),
                  Divider(
                    height: 2.0,
                  )

                ],
              )),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

 

How to add Navigation Drawer from right side

To add Drawer to the scaffold widget we need to add drawer to endDrawer property

 

endDrawer:   Drawer(
   elevation: 20.0,
   child: ListView(
     padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
     children: <Widget>[
       UserAccountsDrawerHeader(accountName: Text("RRTutors"),
         accountEmail: Text("rrtutor.me@gmail.com",),
         currentAccountPicture: Image.network("https://image.shutterstock.com/image-photo/3d-wallpaper-design-waterfall-sea-600w-1380925703.jpg"),
         decoration: BoxDecoration(color: Colors.grey,
             border: Border(bottom: BorderSide(width: 1,color: Colors.red),
               top: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
               right: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
               left: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
             )),
       ),
       ListTile(
         leading: Icon(Icons.account_circle),
         title: Text('Drawer  Item 1'),
         onTap: () {
           // This line code will close drawer programatically....
           Navigator.pop(context);
         },
       ),
       Divider(
         height: 2.0,
       ),
       ListTile(
         leading: Icon(Icons.settings),
         title: Text('Drawer  Item 2'),
         onTap: () {
           // This line code will close drawer programatically....
           Navigator.pop(context);
         },
       ),
       Divider(
         height: 2.0,
       )

     ],
   )),

 

 

Complete code for Right and Left Drawer

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Drawer Example',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.pink,
      ),
      home: SafeArea(
        child: Scaffold(
          appBar: AppBar(title:Text("Flutter Drawer Example")),
         endDrawer:   Drawer(
            elevation: 20.0,
            child: ListView(
              padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
              children: <Widget>[
                UserAccountsDrawerHeader(accountName: Text("RRTutors"),
                  accountEmail: Text("rrtutor.me@gmail.com",),
                  currentAccountPicture: Image.network("https://image.shutterstock.com/image-photo/3d-wallpaper-design-waterfall-sea-600w-1380925703.jpg"),
                  decoration: BoxDecoration(color: Colors.grey,
                      border: Border(bottom: BorderSide(width: 1,color: Colors.red),
                        top: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        right: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        left: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                      )),
                ),
                ListTile(
                  leading: Icon(Icons.account_circle),
                  title: Text('Drawer  Item 1'),
                  onTap: () {
                    // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                    Navigator.pop(context);
                  },
                ),
                Divider(
                  height: 2.0,
                ),
                ListTile(
                  leading: Icon(Icons.settings),
                  title: Text('Drawer  Item 2'),
                  onTap: () {
                    // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                    Navigator.pop(context);
                  },
                ),
                Divider(
                  height: 2.0,
                )

              ],
            )),
          drawer: Drawer(
              elevation: 20.0,
              child: ListView(
                padding: EdgeInsets.zero,
                children: <Widget>[
                  UserAccountsDrawerHeader(accountName: Text("RRTutors"),
                      accountEmail: Text("rrtutor.me@gmail.com",),
                    currentAccountPicture: Image.network("https://image.shutterstock.com/image-photo/3d-wallpaper-design-waterfall-sea-600w-1380925703.jpg"),
                    decoration: BoxDecoration(color: Colors.grey,
                        border: Border(bottom: BorderSide(width: 1,color: Colors.red),
                        top: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        right: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        left: BorderSide(width: 2,color: Colors.red),
                        )),
                  ),
                  ListTile(
                    leading: Icon(Icons.account_circle),
                    title: Text('Drawer  Item 1'),
                    onTap: () {
                      // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                      Navigator.pop(context);
                    },
                  ),
                  Divider(
                    height: 2.0,
                  ),
                  ListTile(
                    leading: Icon(Icons.settings),
                    title: Text('Drawer  Item 2'),
                    onTap: () {
                      // This line code will close drawer programatically....
                      Navigator.pop(context);
                    },
                  ),
                  Divider(
                    height: 2.0,
                  )

                ],
              )),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

 

Flutter Right side navigation drawer

 


Article Contributed By :
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