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Flutter Migrate App to Null Safety | Flutter 2.0

Flutter cameup with new stable version flutter 2.0. This stable version supports null safety. What is null safety, means we no need to worry about null pointer exceptions while writing the flutter code, flutter will automatically checks null safety. This Null safety will make developer to create more reliable and secure programming code. In this post we are going to cover how to migrate existing flutter app to Null safety

 

Let's get started


We will Migrate flutter app to null safety by 3 simple steps
 

Step 1: First step is to check is the project is migratable or not, because we can't migrate all projects
Step 2: We need to migrate our dependency plugins
Step 3: Call Migrate project

Before start to migrate our app to Null safety first we need to check our installed flutter and dart versions to latest version
Make sure your flutter version to be 2.0 or above and take backup of your current flutter version and project

 

First check the flutter version by below command
open command prompt or terminal and type command

 

flutter upgrade

 

then hit enter, it will upgrade your version to latest version

Then check your flutter and dart version

 

Flutter Migrate App to Null Safety

 

Check dart latest version and download

 

After verifying the flutter and dart version we need to check our dependency plugins are upto date to support null safety

To do this type below command in terminal

 

flutter pub outdated --mode=null-safety

 

Now it will give the all your plugins with current and updates versions

 

Flutter Migrate Null safety

 


Here all my versions are upto date except my url_launcher, now update this plugin version to latest version 5.7.10 by edit your pubspec.yaml file and change your version to 6.0.2 then get update version by run pub get command

 

Now we can migrate our project to null safety feature

We have done with 1st and 2nd steps, now it's time to migrate our project with 3rd step


Migrate app to null-safety type below command

 

dart migrate

 

Then if your packages are ready to, then the tool produce a link to check the migration suggestions

View the migration suggestions by visiting:

 

http://127.0.0.1:54269/D:/Blog%20Notes/Flutter/Workspace/sticky_header/sticky_header?authToken=3wM5xFgrgC8%3D

 

Use this interactive web view to review, improve, or apply the results.
When finished with the preview, hit ctrl-c to terminate this process.

If you make edits outside of the web view (in your IDE), use the 'Rerun from
sources' action.

open that url in browser and check there every variable is defined with null safety

 

Flutter Migration tool

 

For every variable and type annotation, we can see what nullability the tool infers

 

in the update null safety code it added late for my varibale like below

late Map<String,List<Contact>>hm;
late List<String>alphabets;

 

List<Contact>namesString=hm[alphabets[index]]!

 

Now this exclmation mark tell that these vaibales can not have nullable values anymore

Read more about Migration process at official page

 

 


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Author: RRTutors