Introduction to Ruby

Ruby is a pure object-oriented programming language. It was founded in 1993 by Yukihiro Matsumoto (Yukihiro Matsumoto).

You can find the name of Matsumoto Hiroshi (Yuhiro Matsumoto) on the Ruby mailing list at In the Ruby community, Matsumoto is also called Matz.

Ruby is "the best friend of programmers".

Ruby's features are similar to Smalltalk, Perl, and Python. Perl, Python, and Smalltalk are scripting languages. Smalltalk is a true object-oriented language. Ruby, like Smalltalk, is a perfect object-oriented language. Using Ruby's syntax is much easier than using Smalltalk's syntax.

Ruby features

  • Ruby is open source and freely available on the Web, but requires a license.

  • Ruby is a general-purpose, interpreted programming language.

  • Ruby is a true object-oriented programming language.

  • Ruby is a server-side scripting language similar to Python and Perl.

  • Ruby can be used to write Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts.

  • Ruby can be embedded in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • Ruby has a simple syntax, which allows new developers to learn Ruby quickly and easily.

  • Ruby has similar syntax to many programming languages ??such as C ++ and Perl.

  • Ruby is highly extensible, and large programs written in Ruby are easy to maintain.

  • Ruby can be used to develop Internet and intranet applications.

  • Ruby can be installed in Windows and POSIX environments.

  • Ruby supports many GUI tools such as Tcl / Tk, GTK and OpenGL.

  • Ruby can be easily connected to DB2, MySQL, Oracle and Sybase.

  • Ruby has a wealth of built-in functions that can be used directly in Ruby scripts


The tools you need

In order to perform the examples discussed in this tutorial, you need an Intel Core i3 or i5 computer with at least 2GB of RAM (4GB is recommended). You also need the following software:

  • Linux or Windows 95/98/2000 / NT or Windows 7 operating system
  • Apache 1.3.19-5 Web server
  • Internet Explorer 5.0 or above web browser
  • Ruby 1.8.5

This tutorial shows how to use Ruby to create GUI, web, and web applications. It will also discuss how to extend and embed Ruby applications.

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