How to create radio buttons with jetpack compose?

Last updated Aug 08, 2021


In this Jetpack compose tutorial we will learn how to create radio buttons in Android application.

RadioButton is a Jetpack Compose component to display radio buttons with a Text component to display the label. 

Let's get started

 

Download Source code

 

Step 1: Create android application in android studio

Step 2: Follow step for setup Jetpack Compose with Android Studio

Step 3: Add Radio buttons in MainActivity.kt

A simple example  with male and female radio buttons:

@Composable
fun RadioButtonDemo() {
    Column(
        modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize(),
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center,
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally
    ) {
        val selectedGender = remember { mutableStateOf("") }
        Text("Select Gender")
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
        Row {
            RadioButton(selected = selectedGender.value == Gender.male, onClick = {
                selectedGender.value = Gender.male
            })
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            Text(Gender.male)
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            RadioButton(selected = selectedGender.value == Gender.female, onClick = {
                selectedGender.value = Gender.female
            })
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            Text(Gender.female)
        }
    }
}
object Gender {
    const val male = "Male"
    const val female = "Female"
}

 

selected is a mandatory boolean parameter that determines the selected state of the RadioButton.

onClick is a lambda to trigger the functionality when it is selected and deselected.

Compose Radio Button Android studio

 

How to set color to radio button with compose

Radio button has a property colors, with this property we will set the color for radio button

colors — RadioButtonDefaults.colors will be used to resolve the color used for this Radio Button in different states.

RadioButton(selected = selectedGender.value == Gender.female, onClick = {
    selectedGender.value = Gender.female
},
colors = RadioButtonDefaults.colors(Color.Red)
)

 

 

 

Compose Radio Button Android studio

Full code

import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.ComponentActivity
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.material.*
import androidx.compose.runtime.Composable
import androidx.compose.runtime.mutableStateOf
import androidx.compose.runtime.remember
import androidx.compose.ui.Alignment
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.tooling.preview.Preview
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp
import com.example.jetpack.ui.theme.JetPackTheme

class MainActivity : ComponentActivity() {

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            MaterialTheme {
                // A surface container using the 'background' color from the theme
                Surface(color = MaterialTheme.colors.background) {
                    RadioButtonDemo()
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

@Composable
fun RadioButtonDemo() {
    Column(
        modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize(),
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center,
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally
    ) {
        val selectedGender = remember { mutableStateOf("") }
        Text("Select Gender")
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
        Row {
            RadioButton(selected = selectedGender.value == Gender.male, onClick = {
                selectedGender.value = Gender.male
            })
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            Text(Gender.male)
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            RadioButton(selected = selectedGender.value == Gender.female, onClick = {
                selectedGender.value = Gender.female
            },colors = RadioButtonDefaults.colors(Color.Red))
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.size(16.dp))
            Text(Gender.female)
        }

    }
}

object Gender {
    const val male = "Male"
    const val female = "Female"
}

@Preview(showBackground = true)
@Composable
fun DefaultPreview() {
    JetPackTheme {
        RadioButtonDemo()
    }
}

 

 

 

Conclusion: In this Jetpack Compose tutorial we covered how to create radio button with compose and set custom colors for radio button

 

 


Article Contributed By :
https://www.rrtutors.com/site_assets/profile/assets/img/avataaars.svg

171 Views

Subscribe For Daily Updates

Flutter Questions
Android Questions