How to set Text Color, Size and style with Compose?

Last updated Aug 12, 2021


In this Jetpack compose tutorial we will learn how set Text Color, Size and style in Android application.

Text is a central piece of any UI, and Jetpack Compose makes it easier to display or write text. 

 

 

Download Source code

 

Let's get started

Step 1: Create android application in android studio

Step 2: Follow step for setup Jetpack Compose with Android Studio

Step 3: Add TextDemo composable function in MainActivity.kt

 

Text("Text with overflow ")

 

 

Styling The Text

How to set style for Text with compose?

 

The text compsable have some arguments which can be used to control the look and feel of the text,lets try them one by one.

Changing the text color

Text("Text with color", color = Color.Green)

 

 

Changing the text size

Text("Text with color", color = Color.Green)

 

 

Text with italic style

Text("Text with italic style", fontStyle = FontStyle.Italic)

 

 

Text with bold

Text("Text with italic style", fontStyle = FontStyle.Bold)

 

 

Cursive text

How to set Font style to Text in compose?

Text("Text with cursive font", fontFamily = FontFamily.Cursive)

 

 

Text with Line Through

Text(
    "Text with LineThrough",
    textDecoration = TextDecoration.LineThrough
)

 

 

Under line text

Text(
    "Text with underline",
    textDecoration = TextDecoration.Underline
)

 

 

Compose Text overflow

Text("Text with overflow ".repeat(50), maxLines = 2, overflow = TextOverflow.Ellipsis)

 

 

Text with background color

Text(
    "Text with background color",
    style = TextStyle(background = Color.Yellow)
)

 

 

Multiple styles in a text

How to apply multiple style to Text with Compose?

To set different styles within the same Text composable, you have to use an AnnotatedString, a string that can be annotated with styles of arbitrary annotations.TextStyle is for use in the Text composable , whereas SpanStyle and ParagraphStyle is for use in AnnotatedString.

 

Text(
    buildAnnotatedString {
        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(color = Color.Blue)) {
            append("Te")
        }
        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(color = Color.Yellow,fontSize = 30.sp)) {
            append("xt")
        }

        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold, color = Color.Red)) {
            append(" Wi")
        }
        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontSize = 30.sp)) {
            append("th ")
        }
        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(background = Color.Gray)) {
            append("Multiple ")
        }
        withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,fontSize = 30.sp,textDecoration = TextDecoration.Underline)) {
            append(" Style")
        }
    }
)

 

 

Selecting text

By default, composables aren’t selectable, which means by default users can't select and copy text from your app. To enable text selection, you need to wrap your text elements with a SelectionContainer composable

 

SelectionContainer {
    Text("This text is selectable")
}

 

 

Text with shadow

How to add shadow to text with compose?

Text(
    "Text with shadow", style = TextStyle(
        color = Color.Yellow,
        fontSize = 30.sp,
        fontFamily = FontFamily.SansSerif,
        letterSpacing = 4.sp,
        textAlign = TextAlign.Center,
        shadow = Shadow(
            color = Color.Red,
            offset = Offset(8f, 8f),
            blurRadius = 4f
        ),
        textGeometricTransform = TextGeometricTransform(
            scaleX = 2.5f,
            skewX = 1f
        )
    )
)

 

 

Full code

package com.example.jetpack.widget

import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.foundation.text.selection.SelectionContainer
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.runtime.Composable
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.geometry.Offset
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Shadow
import androidx.compose.ui.text.SpanStyle
import androidx.compose.ui.text.TextStyle
import androidx.compose.ui.text.buildAnnotatedString
import androidx.compose.ui.text.font.FontFamily
import androidx.compose.ui.text.font.FontStyle
import androidx.compose.ui.text.font.FontWeight
import androidx.compose.ui.text.style.TextAlign
import androidx.compose.ui.text.style.TextDecoration
import androidx.compose.ui.text.style.TextGeometricTransform
import androidx.compose.ui.text.style.TextOverflow
import androidx.compose.ui.text.withStyle
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.sp

@Composable
fun TextDemo() {
    Column(
        modifier = Modifier
            .fillMaxWidth()
            .fillMaxHeight()
            .padding(16.dp)
    ) {
        Text("Text with color", color = Color.Green)
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text("Text with font size", fontSize = 30.sp)
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text("Text with italic style", fontStyle = FontStyle.Italic)
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text("Text with bold", fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold)
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text("Text with cursive font", fontFamily = FontFamily.Cursive)
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text(
            "Text with LineThrough",
            textDecoration = TextDecoration.LineThrough
        )
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text(
            "Text with background color",
            style = TextStyle(background = Color.Yellow)
        )
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text(
            "Text with underline",
            textDecoration = TextDecoration.Underline
        )
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text("Text with overflow ".repeat(50), maxLines = 2, overflow = TextOverflow.Ellipsis)

        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text(
            buildAnnotatedString {
                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(color = Color.Blue)) {
                    append("Te")
                }
                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(color = Color.Yellow,fontSize = 30.sp)) {
                    append("xt")
                }

                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold, color = Color.Red)) {
                    append(" Wi")
                }
                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontSize = 30.sp)) {
                    append("th ")
                }
                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(background = Color.Gray)) {
                    append("Multiple ")
                }
                withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold,fontSize = 30.sp,textDecoration = TextDecoration.Underline)) {
                    append(" Style")
                }
            }
        )
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        SelectionContainer {
            Text("This text is selectable",)
        }
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
        Text(
            "Text with shadow", style = TextStyle(
                color = Color.Yellow,
                fontSize = 30.sp,
                fontFamily = FontFamily.SansSerif,
                letterSpacing = 4.sp,
                textAlign = TextAlign.Center,
                shadow = Shadow(
                    color = Color.Red,
                    offset = Offset(8f, 8f),
                    blurRadius = 4f
                ),
                textGeometricTransform = TextGeometricTransform(
                    scaleX = 2.5f,
                    skewX = 1f
                )
            )
        )
    }
}

 

 

Textview compose

 


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