How do I add Divider to RecyclerView Items Android Kotlin Example

Published November 17, 2021


Recyclerview is a ViewGroup which will display the infinite data with scroll options. It will similar to Android Listview with some advance features.
In the previous tutorial we covered Recyclerview Item click events and add Ripple Effect for child items, in this tutorial we will cover how to add divider to Recyclerview items

 

How do i add divider to Recyclerview items

 

Let's get started

Step 1: Create Android Project in Android studio
Step 2: Add Recyclerview in your xml file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        tools:context=".recyclerview.RecycleRippleEffect">

    <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="0dp"
            android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
            app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" />

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

 

Step 3: Here we are going to add List of Students data to Recyclerview, so let's create a Student Model class.
Here we create Student as Data class

package com.rrtutors.kotlinprograms.recyclerview

data class Student(var name:String,var rollNo:String) {
}

 

 

Create a Sample Student Json file inside assets folder(In Original Project you will read data from APIs)

students.json

 

Create Divider for Recyclerview items
ItemDecoration class allows us to add drawings and layout offset to the views from Recyclerview Adapter data set.
This ItemDecoration is very useful when we want to divide the items inside Recyclerview

Create a drawable with rectangle shape with below properties

line_divider.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:shape="rectangle">
    <size
            android:width="1dp"
            android:height="1dp"/>

    <solid android:color="@color/colorAccent"/>

</shape>

 

Let's create a Divider class which will extends from RecyclerView.ItemDecoration

class DividerItemDecoration(): RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {

}

 

Override onDrawOver() method and add below code

override fun onDrawOver(c: Canvas, recyclerView: RecyclerView, state: RecyclerView.State) {

    val left = recyclerView.paddingLeft
    val right = recyclerView.width

    val childCount = recyclerView.childCount
    for (i in 0 until childCount) {

        val child = recyclerView.getChildAt(i)
        val params = child.layoutParams as RecyclerView.LayoutParams
        val top = child.bottom + params.bottomMargin
        val bottom = top + mDivider!!.intrinsicHeight
        mDivider!!.setBounds(left, top, right, bottom)
        mDivider!!.draw(c)

    }
}

 

Complete code for DividerItemDecoration class will be

package com.rrtutors.kotlinprograms.recyclerview

import android.content.Context
import android.graphics.Canvas
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
import com.rrtutors.kotlinprograms.R

class DividerItemDecoration(): RecyclerView.ItemDecoration() {

    private var mDivider: Drawable? = null

    constructor(context: Context):this() {
        mDivider = ContextCompat.getDrawable(context, R.drawable.line_divider)
    }

    constructor(context: Context, drawable: Int):this() {
        mDivider = ContextCompat.getDrawable(context, drawable)
    }

    override fun onDrawOver(c: Canvas, recyclerView: RecyclerView, state: RecyclerView.State) {

        val left = recyclerView.paddingLeft
        val right = recyclerView.width

        val childCount = recyclerView.childCount
        for (i in 0 until childCount) {

            val child = recyclerView.getChildAt(i)
            val params = child.layoutParams as RecyclerView.LayoutParams
            val top = child.bottom + params.bottomMargin
            val bottom = top + mDivider!!.intrinsicHeight
            mDivider!!.setBounds(left, top, right, bottom)
            mDivider!!.draw(c)

        }
    }
}

 

 

Add Custom divider to RecyclerView

To add ItemDecorator we need to call addItemDecoration to Recyclerview and pass the instance of DividerItemDecoration
 

recyclerView.addItemDecoration(DividerItemDecoration(this))

 

 

Run Application

 

Let's run application, you can see the divider for each Recyclerview items

 

How do i add divider to Recyclerview items

 

Download Source code

 


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